(Apologies if I'm coming to the game late...just watched this over the break so I don't know if the analogy has already been discussed.)

Physically and intellectually advanced antagonists who had previously been banished who then escape.

Terraforming device.

Main antagonist who wants to prove his superiority. (Who could have scarpered with his ship to another planet.)

Family threatened by antagonist.

Father/Son relationship/s.

Prominent role for spectacles.